Study to investigate the national and institutional policies and approaches to education for environmental sustainability
The European Green Deal and UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) highlight that education, including re-/up-skilling, is crucial in order to transition to environmental sustainability. Education has an essential role to play by instilling in citizens the competences needed to live responsibly, find solutions, change consumption models, transform society and, ultimately, to work within and shape a greener economy. In this context, the purpose of the study was to map national and institutional practices, processes, tools and strategies in education for environmental sustainability (EES) at various levels and in different forms of education. The study informed the actions of DG EAC with regard to education for environmental sustainability and policy for the implementation of the European Education Area and a ‘Green Europe’.
The specific purpose of the study was to provide a comprehensive mapping of the national and institutional practices, processes, tools and strategies in education for environmental sustainability, covering multiple levels and types of education. No such comprehensive comparative analysis had been carried out prior to the study. The mixed methods study analysed the following in all EU Member States:
― Existing competence frameworks and thematic dimensions of EES;
― Policies, curriculum developments and innovations around EES;
― Assessment, teacher training and multi-stakeholder partnerships;
― Enablers of and barriers to the mainstreaming of existing innovative approaches.