New forms of employment
Recently there has been a surge in interest in the so-called new forms of employment among international organisations (such as the International Labour Organisation) and EU institutions. These forms of employment are defined as deviations from the formal terms and conditions of labour contract as well as actual non–standard working conditions. They are becoming particularly common in ICT, creative work and services, are project-oriented and allow greater autonomy for the workers, but often lack healthcare and pension coverage.
This research analysed selected public, social partner based or cross–company instruments and regulations relating to new forms of employment, as well as their positive and negative implications on working conditions, social security, employment rights, employment relations and workers’ representation as well as work organisation. The team, which included PPMI staff, world-class experts on non-standard employment and a network of national experts, carried out desk research, interviews and case studies on enterprises and self–employed individuals as well as policy instrument analyses (when assigned) on member states' regulation of specific forms of employment. The project produced over 70 case studies and policy analysis reports on 11 emerging employment forms across most of the EU.