What was the problem?
Framework Programmes (such as FP7 or Horizon 2020) are the main EU instruments to fund research activities and innovation in Europe and beyond. They serve two strategic aims: strengthening the scientific and technological bases of industry and encouraging its international competitiveness while promoting research activities in support of other EU policies. However, it was necessary to assess the Union added value and economic impact of the EU Framework Programmes for research and innovation. Additionally, while the Union added value and effectiveness of the Framework Programmes were well understood conceptually, they often lacked the supporting quantitative evidence.
What did PPMI do to solve the problem?
In partnership with two organisations and a pool of external experts, PPMI employed various research methods to assess the Union added value and economic impact of the EU Framework Programmes for research and innovation. The research team carried out extensive literature review of over 120 studies and evaluations and conducting a large survey of researchers, who had applied for EU funding. The survey also included analysis of patents and other economic outputs produced by research projects. In addition, PPMI conducted over 200 interviews that gave basis for EAV case studies highlighting the areas that strongly benefit from EU collaborative projects (e.g. antimicrobial resistance, climate research or food waste) and create added value for Europe. PPMI also produced 15 innovation success stories focussing on economic and innovation impacts achieved in EU funded projects and assessed the scientific EU added value through bibliometric analysis of journal data. Finally, the NEMESIS model was used to assess the impact of the H2020 and FP7 budget on the EU-28 economy and employment at macro and sectoral levels.
How did it contribute to solving the problem?
PPMI assessed the European added value and quantified the economic impact of the European Framework Programmes. For example, the econometric model, which was used by PPMI, estimated that as a result of direct funding the Horizon 2020 programme will add up to 276 000 jobs by 2019 (150 000 – in research), while additional jobs (up to 272 000 by 2030) will be the result of research-based innovations. The results of this project advanced the interim evaluation of Horizon 2020 and informed further development of this framework programme.